The tourism industry of India is economically important and has experienced continued growth. India had the second highest total tourism GDP contribution in Asia- Pacific, behind China in 2016. According to The World Travel & Tourism Council(wttc), The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP was INR14,018.5bn (USD208.9bn), 9.6% of GDP in 2016, and is forecast to rise by 6.7% in 2017, and to rise by 6.7% pa to INR28,491.8bn (USD424.5bn), 10.0% of GDP in 2027. This makes India world's seventh biggest tourism economy with these sorts GDP. Furthermore, the sector created 40.3 million jobs in 2016, which ranks India 2nd in the world in terms of total employment produced.
India features a variety of tourism options which incorporates Ecological Tourism, Pilgrimage Tourism, Historical Tourism, Adventure Tourism, Medical Tourism and an up coming Ayurveda & Yoga Tourism. The impulse behind why India has been doing admirably in a wide range of tourism is that India has dependably been known for its hospitality, uniqueness, and charm. Tourism in India could be extensively classified -
Leisure Tourism: As it is becoming a more popular taking break from hectic work schedule to relax on beaches, visit places of interest, popular attractions, staying in luxury hotels & resorts, this kind of tour is perceived as leisure-oriented tours. India is incredible leisure destination and international tourists visit around the world. Taking consideration of tourists Rajasthan, Agra, Kerala, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Srinagar are some of the most leisurely destinations in India.
Business Tourism: As an emerging market India invites not only the leisure traveler, but the business traveler as well. MICE(Meetings, Incentives, Conferences, Events) is the fastest growing section of the international tourism market. In this particular type of tourism large groups or individual usually plan their travel in advance for business travel, for a specific purpose. MICE events are growing in India and not only make the bigger brand value of host country but also helps in generating employment and earn revenue from this sector.
Ecological Tourism: Ecotourism is a new approach in tourism and is more than nature loving travel, it is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel. It promotes greater understanding and appreciation for nature, local society, culture and minimizing the adverse effect of traditional tourism. Kerala, Himalayan Region & Northeast India are some of the regions where you can enjoy mother nature.
Adventure Tourism: As a kind of tourism in India, adventure tourism has recently grown its popularity in India. This involves exploration of remote areas and exotic locales and engaging in various adventurous activities. There is no shortage of opportunities & options for adventure tourism in India Mountaineering, Scuba Diving, River Rafting, Skiing are some of the most popular adventure sports in India. Rishikesh, Ladakh, Himachal, Rajasthan, Goa are some preferred places by tourists for a captivating experience.
Pilgrimage Tourism: Due to the rich history, devotion, spirituality India has been quite famous around the world. Being home to wonderful worship places across the country, India has attracted millions of international visitor for Pilgrimage tourism or also known as faith or religious tourism. Undoubtedly, India is a divine destination for all types pilgrims under the same roof numerous Temples, monasteries, gurudwara, church, mosques etc. make this country unparallel natural beauty.
Historical Tourism: India had some of the legendary rulers and warriors who made the glorious historical background. India always has been famous for rich heritage & memorable history and this blend has led to attracting millions of overseas tourists. Giant Forts, palaces, temples, mosques, tombs, monuments welcome you at every turn of this magnificent country. Nonetheless, it will give you a splendid glimpse into the Indian history.
Medical Tourism: Medical tourism is one of the growing sectors in India and the market is huge. India is providing world-class medical treatment for patients seeking medical, dental & surgical care across the world. India issued more than 1.78 lakh medicinal visas in 2016, and most of the patients coming to India for treatment are from the Middle East, Africa, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Maldives, Pakistan, Bhutan and Sri Lanka.
Ayurveda & Yoga Tourism: Ayurveda, yoga & wellness is the oldest healthcare system in the world and has gained a lot of popularity globally. People are willing to experience a healthier side of holistic wellness and India has managed to catch the attention. Kerala has managed to be on the top among the states in India for Ayurveda treatments, impartial climate, natural forests and cool monsoon makes it an ideal destination for Ayurveda & yoga practice.
Wildlife Tourism: Wildlife tourism is evolving rapidly in India and there has been a noticeable shift from mass tourism to niche tourism. The wildlife is abundant in the country, according to statistics India has 60-70% world’s biodiversity. Indian administration has taken responsibility to bring wildlife species under protection & nourishing program. Wildlife watching tourism shows large growth, holding domestic tourists it is supposed to be about ten times the scale of international visitors.
E-Visa To Boost Tourism
Tourism in India is economically necessary and is developing quickly. The Government of India has propelled e-Tourist Visa on 27/11/2014 with a view to increment foreign visitor visiting India. According to a report, the major countries availing e-Tourist visas are from UK, USA, France, Russia, China and so on. Further, India has decided to change e-visa rule by extending the duration of stay for visitors on select classes of e-visa. Which has additionally been stretched out to two months from existing one month.
Challenges & Issues of Tourism
India's tourism industry is encountering a solid time of development, encouraged by the prospering Indian working class, big spender foreigners, and created government actions to advance 'Incredible India'. The tourism sector isn't just an outstanding pillar of the development of the economy, however, a generator of employment opportunity too. Indian tourism industry will have enormous development and worldwide pioneer till 2022.
Also Read: Indian Tourism & Cultural Attractions
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